Desheng Han

Prof. at School of Ocean and Earth Science, 

Tongji University,

Shanghai, China 

Tel: +86-21-65982319



  • Education

Ph.D.  in Space Physics, 2002.4-2005.3

Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. (supported by Japanese government scholarship).

Thesis title: Longitudinal structure of low-latitude Pi2 pulsations obtained from the ground and Oersted observations.

M.Sc. in Geophysics, 1996.9-1999.7

Lanzhou Earthquake Research Institute of China Seismological Bureau, Lanzhou, China.

Thesis title: Numerical evaluation  of electrical field response to oscillating dipolar source in heterogeneous crust by integral equation approach.

B.Sc. in Physics, 1992.9-1996.7

Physics department of Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot, China.

  • Abroad Experience:

Visiting scholar,  2015.11-2016.10

Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA


  • Employment Record:

2017.11-present,   School of Ocean and Earth Science,  Tongji University, Shanghai, China

2005.4-2017.10,    Division of Upper Atmospheric Physics, Polar Research Institute of China, ShangHai, China.

1999.8-2001.9,     Assistant at Division of Geomagnetism, Institute of Geophysics, China Seismological Bureau, BeiJing, China.

  • Study Topics:

Dayside optical auroras; Wave and plasma processes in the terrestrial magnetosphere and ionosphere;  Solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling.


  • Specific Experience in Related Areas:

Three winters  (2005, 2006, and 2008) auroral observation at Yellow River Station at Ny Alysund, Svalbard.

Extensive study of the dayside optical aurora observed at Yellow River Station at Ny Alysund, Svalbard.

Analysis of satellite and ground-based geomagnetic field observations for  ULF waves and Sudden Commencements (SCs);

Numerical evaluation of electrical field response to oscillating dipolar source in heterogeneous crust by integral equation approach.

Station Leader of Antarctica Zhongshan station for the 28th Chinese National Antarctica Research Expedition (2011.11-2012.11).

Deputy Head of polar Atmospheric and Space Physics Division from 2014.02 to 2017.10.

  • Research Grants from National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC):
  1. NSFC grant 41774174, “Study on relative processes and possible generation mechanisms of throat aurora”, 2018/01-2021/12, ¥710,000 .
  2. NSFC grant 41374161, “Study on the observational characteristics and generation mechanisms of dayside diffuse aurora”, 2014/01-2017/12, ¥800,000
  3. NSFC grant 40974083, “Study on fine-structure aurora by parallel observations from multiple scales”, 2010/01-2012/12, ¥550,000
  4. NSFC grant 40504009, “Study on generation mechanism of dayside Pi2 pulsations by multiple observations”, 2006/01-2008/12, ¥250,000
  • Publications:



Han D-S (2021) Dayside Diffuse Aurora and the Cold-Plasma Structuring: A Brief Review. Front. Astron. Space Sci. 8:725677. doi: 10.3389/fspas.2021.725677

Qiu, H.‐X., *Han, D.‐S.Feng, H.‐T.Shi, R.Zhou, S., & Zhang, Y.‐L. (2021). The critical factor in controlling the auroral intensity in the cusp region as revealed by a statistical study on midday gap and non‐gap eventsGeophysical Research Letters48, e2021GL092414. 

Selvakumaran, R., *Han, D.-S., Gokani, S. A., & Zhang, Y. L. (2021). Statistical analysis of throat aurora using long term DMSP/SSUSI observation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126, e2021JA029164.


Selvakumaran, R., *Han, D., Zhou, S., Gokani, S. A., & Zhang, Y. L. (2020). Geomagnetic responses associated with throat aurora. Earth and Space Science, 7, e2020EA001214.

Feng, H.‐T., *Han, D.‐S., Chen, X.‐C., Liu, J.‐J., & Xu, Z.‐H. (2020). Interhemispheric conjugacy of concurrent onset and poleward traveling geomagnetic responses for throat aurora observed under quiet solar wind conditions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125, e2020JA027995. 10.1029/2020JA027995

Zhou S, *Han D, Gokani S A, Selvakumaran R, Zhang Y. (2020). Throat aurora observed by DMSP/SSUSI in a global view. Science China Earth Sciences, 63,

Han, D.‐S. (2020). Dayside Magnetospheric Interactions Inferred from Dayside Diffuse Aurora and Throat Aurora. In Dayside Magnetosphere Interactions (eds Q. Zong, P. Escoubet, D. Sibeck, G. Le and H. Zhang). doi:10.1002/9781119509592.ch4.


Frey, H. U., Han, D., Kataoka, R., Lessard, M. R., Milan, S. E., Nishimura, Y., Zou, Y. (2019). Dayside Aurora. Space Science Reviews, 215(8), 51. doi:10.1007/s11214-019-0617-7
Zhou, S., Luan, X., Pierrard, V., & Han, D. (2019). Isolated auroral spots observed by DMSP/SSUSI. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124.
Han D.-S., Tong Xu, Yaqi Jin, K. Oksavik, Xiang-Cai Chen, Jian-Jun Liu, Qinghe Zhang, Lisa Baddeley, & Katie Herlingshaw (2019). Observational evidence for throat aurora being associated with magnetopause reconnection, Geophysical Research Letters, 46.
Li, B., Han, D.‐S., Hu, Z.‐J., Hu, H.‐Q., Liu, J.‐J., Dai, L., et al. ( 2019). Magnetospheric multiscale observations of ULF waves and correlated low‐energy ion monoenergetic acceleration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124, 2788– 2794.
Yang, Q., Tao, D., Han, D., & Liang, J. (2019). Extracting auroral key local structures from all‐sky auroral images by artificial intelligence technique. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124.
Han D. 2019. Ionospheric polarization electric field guiding magnetopause reconnection: A conceptual model of throat aurora. Science China Earth Sciences, 62,


Han D S, Yang H G. Identification of optical auroras caused by mantle precipitation with the aid of particle observations from DMSP satellites. Adv Polar Sci, 2018, 29(4): 233-242, doi:10.13679/j.advps.2018.4.00233.

韩德胜 胡泽骏 陈相材 刘建军 胡红桥 杨惠根. 基于北极黄河站观测的日侧极光研究新进展[J]. 极地研究, 2018, 30(3): 235-250. Han Desheng, Hu Zejun, Chen Xiangcai, Liu Jianjun, Hu Hongqiao, Yang Huigen. Recent results obtained from dayside optical auroral observations at Yellow River Station. , 2018, 30(3): 235-250.

Han, D.‐S., Liu, J.‐J., Chen, X.‐C., Xu, T., Li, B., Hu, Z.‐J. et al (2018). Direct evidence for throat aurora being the ionospheric signature of magnetopause transient and reflecting localized magnetopause indentations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123.

Han, D.-S., et al. (2017), Coordinated observations of two types of diffuse auroras near magnetic local noon by Magnetospheric Multiscale mission andground all-sky camera, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL074447.


  1. Han, D.-S., H. Hietala, X.-C. Chen, Y. Nishimura, L. R. Lyons, J.-J. Liu, H.-Q. Hu, and H.-G. Yang (2017), Observational properties of dayside throat aurora and implications on the possible generation mechanisms, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023394. (Cover image for Issue.2, 2017)
  2. Xiangcai Chen, De-Sheng Han, Dag, A. Lorentzen, Kjellmar Oksavik, Joran, Idar Moen, Lisa, Jane Baddeley (2017), Dynamic Properties of Throat Aurora Revealed by Simultaneous Ground and Satellite Observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, DOI:10.1002/2016JA023033.
  3. Shi, R., Han, D., Ni, B., Hu, Z.-J., Zhou, C., and Gu, X.: Intensification of dayside diffuse auroral precipitation: contribution of dayside Whistler-mode chorus waves in realistic magnetic fields, Ann. Geophys., 30, 1297-1307, doi:10.5194/angeo 30-1297-2012, 2012.
  4. Han, D.-S., Y. Nishimura, L. R. Lyons, H. Q. Hu, and H. G. Yang (2016), Throat aurora: The ionospheric signature of magnetosheath particles penetrating into the magnetosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 1819–1827, doi:10.1002/2016gl068181.
  5. Han, D.-S., X. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Qiu, K. Keika, Z. Hu, J. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Yang (2015), An extensive survey of dayside diffuse aurora based on optical observations at Yellow River Station, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 7447–7465, doi:10.1002/2015JA021699. (Cover image paper for Issue 9, 2015).
  6. Liu, J. J., H. Q. Hu, *-S. Han, et al., (2011), Decrease of auroral intensity associated with reversal of plasma convection in response to an interplanetary shock asobserved over Zhongshan station in Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A03210, doi:10.1029/2010JA016156.
  7. Han, D.S., H.G. Yang, J. Liang, T. Iyemori, S. W. H. Cowley, and T. Araki (2010), High‐latitude reconnection effect observed at the dayside dip equator as a precursor of a sudden impulse, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A08214, doi:10.1029/2009JA014787.
  8. Han D.-S.,-G. Yang, M. Nose, D.-H. Huang, Z.-T. Chen, and H.-Q. Hu (2008), Dawnside particle injection caused by sudden enhancement of solar wind dynamic pressure, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 70, 1995-1999, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2008.07.019.
  9. Han DeSheng, Yang HuiGen, Chen ZhuoTian & C. P. Nielsen (2008), Coupling of Pi2 wave energy in the inner magnetosphere as inferred from low-latitude ground observations, Sci China Ser E-Tech Sci , Oct. 2008, vol. 51 , no. 10, 1-14, doi: 10.1007/s11431-008-0271-x.
  10. Han D.-S., and Q. Li (2008), Geomagnetic Sudden Commencement at the Dawn-time Dip Equator, Earth Planets Space, 60, 607–612.
  11. Han D.-S., H.-G. Yang, Z.-T. Chen, T. Araki, M. W. Dunlop, M. Nosé, T. Iyemori, Q. Li, Y.-F. Gao, and K. Yumoto (2007), Coupling of perturbations in the solar wind density to global Pi3 pulsations: A case study, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A05217, doi:10.1029/2006JA011675.
  12. Han D.-S., T. Araki, H.-G. Yang, Z.-T. Chen, T. Iyemori, and P. Stauning (2007), Comparative study of Geomagnetic Sudden Commencement (SC) between Oersted and ground observations at different local times, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A05226, doi:10.1029/2006JA011953.
  13. Han D.-S., Toshihiko Iyemori, Masahito Nosé, Heather McCreadie, Satoru Yamashita, Peter Stauning, A comparative analysis of low-latitude Pi2 pulsations observed by Ørsted and ground stations, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A10209, doi:10.1029/2004JA010576, 2004.
  14. Han D.-S., T. Iyemori, Y.-F. Gao, Y. Sano, F. Yang, W. Li and M. Nose, Local time dependence of the frequency of Pi2 waves simultaneously observed at 5 low-latitude stations, Earth Planets Space, 55, 601-612, 2003.

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